Rooted in Africa, Raised in America: The Africans brought to the New World to toil their lives away as slaves were generally cultivators.
From colonial times, African Americans arrived African traditional literature essay large numbers as slaves and lived primarily on plantations in the South. In slave and free blacks together comprised about one-fifth of the U. As the nation split between Southern slave and Northern free… Names and labels As Americans of African descent reached each new plateau in their struggle for equality, they reevaluated their identity.
The slaveholder labels of black and negro Spanish for black were offensive, so they chose the euphemism coloured when they were freed.
Capitalized, Negro became acceptable during the migration to the North for factory jobs. Afro-American was adopted by civil rights activists to underline pride in their ancestral homeland, but black—the symbol of power and revolution—proved more popular. All these terms are still reflected in the names of dozens of organizations.
In the 21st century the terms black and African American both were widely used. The early history of blacks in the Americas Africans assisted the Spanish and the Portuguese during their early exploration of the Americas.
In the 16th century some black explorers settled in the Mississippi valley and in the areas that became South Carolina and New Mexico. The uninterrupted history of blacks in the United States began inwhen 20 Africans were landed in the English colony of Virginia.
These individuals were not slaves but indentured servants—persons bound to an employer for a limited number of years—as were many of the settlers of European descent whites. By the s large numbers of Africans were being brought to the English colonies. In blacks numbered almostand made up nearly one-fifth of the population of the United States.
Attempts to hold black servants beyond the normal term of indenture culminated in the legal establishment of black chattel slavery in Virginia in and in all the English colonies by Black people were easily distinguished by their skin colour the result of evolutionary pressures favouring the presence in the skin of a dark pigment called melanin in populations in equatorial climates from the rest of the populace, making them highly visible targets for enslavement.
Enslaved blacks were put to work clearing and cultivating the farmlands of the New World. Of an estimated 10 million Africans brought to the Americas by the slave tradeaboutcame to the territory of what is now the United States.
The overwhelming majority were taken from the area of western Africa stretching from present-day Senegal to Angola, where political and social organization as well as art, music, and dance were highly advanced. With the increasing profitability of slavery and the slave trade, some Africans themselves sold captives to the European traders.
The captured Africans were generally marched in chains to the coast and crowded into the holds of slave ships for the dreaded Middle Passage across the Atlantic Oceanusually to the West Indies. Shock, disease, and suicide were responsible for the deaths of at least one-sixth during the crossing.
Page 1 of 8.Indigenous literature whether oral or written is the cultural heritage of most societies. Unfortunately, African traditional literature overtime has been treated as . Visit our Photo Gallery, Events Archives, and AALBC’s Events..
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Here is printable list of events. Traditional literature can fall into a number of categories: proverbs, fairytales, folklore, fables, animal tales, myths and legends, etc. The following are explanations of four of the more common. Literature was used and still used in most parts of Africa.
An African child growing in rural African community settings belongs to the whole community. That is the concept of family is extended to every other adult who belong to that community/5(1).
But this view was met with a lot of controversial criticisms, as African Scholars began to argue the importance of African traditional literature in the literary world, stressing the fact that traditional literature is not only relevant, but should also be accorded a literary status in the literary world.
African literature, the body of traditional oral and written literatures in Afro-Asiatic and African languages together with works written by Africans in European languages. Traditional written literature, which is limited to a smaller geographic area than is oral literature, is most characteristic.