An analysis of the terms of conformity and obedience to society

Various forms of social influence have been used for a variety of reasons; sometimes to help individuals stray from harmful behaviour such as smoking; other times [not as altruistic as the latter] to sway customer decisions towards consumerism. Such changes in behaviour require systematic approaches that can be in the shape of direct personal requests; or more subtle and elaborate commercials and political campaigns. Other behavioural etiquettes sometimes require the impact of a set of rules, such as [formally] speed signs, or [informally] public space rules [staring at strangers is seen as inappropriate]; this type of influence is known as conformity, which is generally believed to be an integral part of social life.

An analysis of the terms of conformity and obedience to society

Saul McLeodpublished "Be quiet! How often have you heard this, or something like it? We hear or come across commands, instructions, directions and orders everyday. What is it that makes us obey or disobey them? Millions of people were killed in Nazi Germany in concentration camps but Hitler couldn't have killed them all, nor could a handful of people.

What made all those people follow the orders they were given?

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Were they afraid, or was there something in their personality that made them like that? In order to obey authority, the obeying person has to accept that it is legitimate i. Obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure.

It is assumed that without such an order the person would not have acted in this way.

Analysis Of Persuasion And Conformity And Obedience Term Paper - Words

Obedience occurs when you are told to do something authoritywhereas conformity happens through social pressure the norms of the majority. Therefore, the person giving the order has a higher status than the person receiving the order.

Real Life Example of Obedience Adolf Eichmann was executed in for his part in organizing the Holocaust, in which six million Jewish people, as well as gypsies, communists and trade unionists were transported to death camps and murdered in Nazi Germany and surrounding countries under Nazi control.

Eichmann was a logistical genius whose part in the Holocaust was the planning of the efficient collection, transportation and extermination of those to be killed.

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At his trial inEichmann expressed surprise at being hated by Jewish people, saying that he had merely obeyed orders, and surely obeying orders could only be a good thing. In his jail diary Eichmann wrote 'The orders were, for me, the highest thing in my life and I had to obey them without question' extract quoted in The Guardian, 12 August,p.

Eichmann was declared sane by six psychiatrists, he had a normal family life and observers at his trial described him as very average.

An analysis of the terms of conformity and obedience to society

Given that there appears to be nothing particularly unusual about Eichmann, we must face the uncomfortable possibility that his behavior was the product of the social situation in which he found himself, and that under the right circumstances we may all be capable of monstrous acts.

Following the Second World War - and in particular the Holocaust - psychologists set out to investigate the phenomenon of human obedience.

Early attempts to explain the Holocaust had focused on the idea that there was something distinctive about German culture that had allowed the Holocaust to take place.

Stanley Milgram set out to test the research question 'are Germans different? In one of the most famous series of experiments in psychology Milgram demonstrated that most participants would give a helpless victim fatal electric shocks when ordered to. Milgram later ran a number of variations to the basic study, to find out more about the particular factors which might influence obedience.

How to reference this article:Milgram later ran a number of variations to the basic study, to find out more about the particular factors which might influence obedience. How to reference this article: McLeod, S. A.

Conformity and Obedience | Noba

().Author: Saul Mcleod. Mar 24,  · The rules of society, or societal norms, play a significant role in social influence as do conformity and obedience (Fiske, ) Conformity. According to the American Psychological Association’s glossary of psychological terms (), conformity is the predisposition of an individual to assume similar beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors as other members of the group he or she is trying to Reviews: 2.

An analysis of the terms of conformity and obedience to society

Term Paper Analysis of Persuasion and Conformity and Obedience and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.

Obedience is the process by which individuals comply with the instructions given by an authority figure not to be confused with conformity. There is one similarity between obedience and conformity which is that both involved a renunciation Of personal responsibility.

There is three differences between Obedience and Conformity. Obedience is a part of the foundation of society. Without obedience, naught would exist but chaos and anarchy.

Without stability, productivity and the well-being of the citizens become non-existent. - Obedience and Conformity Both obedience and conformity involve social pressure in obedience the pressure comes from behaving as you are instructed to do; whereas in conformity the pressure comes from group norms Behaviour in obedience is determined by social power, whereas in conformity it is influenced mostly by the need for acceptance.

Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience - Psychology - Oxford Bibliographies