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What were some of the dominant trends in late-nineteenth-century industry? New products, like the bicycle, typewriter, telephone, and gasoline engine, provided proof of industrial progress.
The invention of refrigeration and commercial canning made many foods available year round. Expectedly, industrialization led to the decline of cottage production, but home industry, or outwork, persisted in certain trades.
During these decades, Germany and the United States began to surpass Britain in research, technical education, innovation, and rate of growth, but industrialization remained a slow process in other countries, particularly Russia.
How were European economies challenged in the s and s? The subsequent decades were characterized by economic fluctuations and a series of sharp downturns, the severity of which varied from country to country. Because economic ties bound industrialized western Europe to international markets, effects of the recession were felt broadly.
Entrepreneurs suffered as the start-up costs of new enterprises skyrocketed and industrialization became capital intensive rather than labor intensive.
Increased productivity in both agriculture and industry led to rapidly declining prices, which brought about wage deflation and unemployment. Markets were also limited, leaving entrepreneurs to refocus their attention on finding ways to enhance sales and distribution. How did industrial production affect consumerism in the s and s?
Industrial production increasingly focused on consumer items, such as bicycles, typewriters, and cameras. Shopping changed dramatically with the introduction of department stores, which made many items conveniently available in one large and elegantly appointed emporium.
Enticing displays and new advertising techniques, like sales, enticed women shoppers, stimulating the household economy as well as that of the nation. Industrial production also offered new items from imperial territories to consumers. Industrial production thus catered to consumers and came to shape everyday life as the appetites of Europeans were whetted for more diverse goods.
Describe the new imperialism of the s and s and some of the ways in which it differed from previous forms of imperialism. For Europeans, imperial expansion came to be identified with nation building, and industrial prosperity derived from imperial territories elicited national pride.
For indigenous peoples, new imperialism and direct European rule dramatically impacted and debilitated native agricultural systems, economies, politics, and autonomy.
Europeans imposed new social hierarchies on their conquered territories, and European-style cultural innovations were introduced to replace traditional native customs and beliefs. In certain instances, European influences improved the lives of indigenous peoples by providing innovations in sanitation and medicine, western education, and bureaucratic jobs.
AP® EUROPEAN HISTORY SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 — Long Essay Question “Describe and explain significant continuities and changes in attitudes toward and the experiences of European women from the First World War through the Cold War.” • “From World War I to the Cold War, many things chang ed for women. Before and. It was the event that led to the United States entering the war. It had little effect on the war as it happened well after Germany and France were fighting in Europe. Additionally, the AP European History Test measures the following skills: • The ability to analyze historical evidence • The ability to express historical understanding in writing.
Japanese officials visited Europe and the United States in the s to study technological developments. Western dress became the norm at the Japanese imperial court, and western architectural styles were readily adopted. ByJapan had gained enough influence on the international scene to force traders to accept its terms for commerce and diplomatic relations.
What were the paradoxes of imperialism in the late nineteenth century? Economically, imperialism was both costly and profitable: The high costs of maintaining an army and a bureaucracy in the colonies often outweighed the economic benefit for an imperial nation; however, imperialism created many jobs at home and abroad.free-response booklet, making sure to indicate the question you are answering by writing the appropriate question number at the top of each page.
Write an essay that. Student responses to past exam free-response questions are available on AP Central. Short-Answer Response Booklets Review the information about the short-answer response booklets before exam day so that you understand where to write your answers and the amount of .
World War I was a different type of war because it was fought on the European home front as well as on the battlefield. The civilian population was forced to make sacrifices, such as meatless Monday, and women entered the workforce to replace men who had gone to battle.
The Ultimate List of AP European History Tips Excelling on the AP European History exam can be a challenge. With only % of test takers scoring a 5 and another % scoring a 4 in , AP European History represents one of the most difficult Advanced Placement exams to score high on.
World War I. WWI Soldier; Global II - German Propaganda; Between the Wars. This is the summer work for AP European History. AP Book Review you will find a guide to writing DBQ essays. AP Euro LEQ Rubric.
This is the rubric that I will use to grade all Long Essay Questions (LEQs). How To . 1. What were some of the dominant trends in late-nineteenth-century industry?
[model answer] The decades from the s through the s were characterized by industrial, technological, and commercial innovations.