Autism spectrum disorder and interventions essay

Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Theories of Vygotsky Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Theories of Vygotsky 2 February Autism Research over the past decade has acknowledged the impacts of characteristics and life-functioning for individuals on the autism spectrum. Models of support or interventions strategies have been researched but little, or limited practical or resourced models appeared as accessible for families of older youth. The intention of this research paper was to investigate a specific activity group for youth on the autism spectrum.

Autism spectrum disorder and interventions essay

Where can I get more information? What is autism spectrum disorder?

What is autism spectrum disorder?

Autism spectrum disorder ASD refers to a group of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by repetitive and characteristic patterns of behavior and difficulties with social communication and interaction. The symptoms are present from early childhood and affect daily functioning.

Some children and adults with ASD are fully able to perform all activities of daily living while others require substantial support to perform basic activities. A diagnosis Autism spectrum disorder and interventions essay ASD includes an assessment of intellectual disability and language impairment.

ASD occurs in every racial and ethnic group, and across all socioeconomic levels. However, boys are significantly more likely to develop ASD than girls. Even as infants, children with ASD may seem different, especially when compared to other children their own age.

They may become overly focused on certain objects, rarely make eye contact, and fail to engage in typical babbling with their parents. In other cases, children may develop normally until the second or even third year of life, but then start to withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement.

The severity of ASD can vary greatly and is based on the degree to which social communication, insistence of sameness of activities and surroundings, and repetitive patterns of behavior affect the daily functioning of the individual.

Social impairment and communication difficulties Many people with ASD find social interactions difficult. The mutual give-and-take nature of typical communication and interaction is often particularly challenging.

Children with ASD may fail to respond to their names, avoid eye contact with other people, and only interact with others to achieve specific goals. Often children with ASD do not understand how to play or engage with other children and may prefer to be alone.

People with ASD may have very different verbal abilities ranging from no speech at all to speech that is fluent, but awkward and inappropriate. Some children with ASD may have delayed speech and language skills, may repeat phrases, and give unrelated answers to questions.

In addition, people with ASD can have a hard time using and understanding non-verbal cues such as gestures, body language, or tone of voice. For example, young children with ASD might not understand what it means to wave goodbye.

People with ASD may also speak in flat, robot-like or a sing-song voice about a narrow range of favorite topics, with little regard for the interests of the person to whom they are speaking. Repetitive and characteristic behaviors Many children with ASD engage in repetitive movements or unusual behaviors such as flapping their arms, rocking from side to side, or twirling.

They may become preoccupied with parts of objects like the wheels on a toy truck. Children may also become obsessively interested in a particular topic such as airplanes or memorizing train schedules. Many people with ASD seem to thrive so much on routine that changes to the daily patterns of life — like an unexpected stop on the way home from school — can be very challenging.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet | National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Some children may even get angry or have emotional outbursts, especially when placed in a new or overly stimulating environment. Certain known genetic disorders are associated with an increased risk for autism, including Fragile X syndrome which causes intellectual disability and tuberous sclerosis which causes benign tumors to grow in the brain and other vital organs — each of which results from a mutation in a single, but different, gene.

Recently, researchers have discovered other genetic mutations in children diagnosed with autism, including some that have not yet been designated as named syndromes.

While each of these disorders is rare, in aggregate, they may account for 20 percent or more of all autism cases.

Autism spectrum disorder and interventions essay

People with ASD also have a higher than average risk of having epilepsy.Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay  Autism Lexie Burrell past decade has acknowledged the impacts of characteristics and life-functioning for individuals on the autism spectrum. Models of support or interventions strategies have been researched but little, or limited practical or resourced models appeared as accessible for families of.

Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay Examples. 15 total results. The Reelin Expression and Its Link to Autism.

Autism spectrum disorder and interventions essay

1, words. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Its Effects on the Learning Development of Children. 3, words. 8 pages. The Importance of Diagnosing Autism During Its Early Stages. - The Definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development.

Autism effects verbal and nonverbal communication. It can cause intellectual disabilities and physical health issues. The term Autism spectrum disorder was defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association, ) as “pervasive developmental disorders “(PDDs) referring to developmental disorders which share core and common characteristics such as impairments in social interaction.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). It is a bio-neurological developmental disability usually appearing before the age of three, best known for impairing a child’s ability to communicate and interact. For your next special education research paper, a good topic to cover would be autism spectrum disorder.

Behavioural disorders included autism (nine), disintegrative psychosis (one), and possible postviral or vaccinal encephalitis (two).

Autism research paper - Great College Essay