Physical geography chapter 10

He is a broadly trained physical geographer with strong interests in geomorphology and Earth Science education. He enjoys writing about topics relating to physical geography for the public, particularly environmental interpretation, and has written a landform guidebook for Enchanted Rock State Natural Area in Central Texas, as well as several field guides.

Physical geography chapter 10

Understand the focus of geography and the two main branches of the discipline.

List of Key Terms

Summarize the grid system of latitude and longitude and how it relates to seasons and time zones. Distinguish between the different types of regional distinctions recognized in geography.

Physical geography chapter 10

Understand the spatial nature of geography and how each place or region is examined, analyzed, and compared with other places or regions. Determine the basic geographic realms and their locations.

Physical geography chapter 10

Geography examines the spatial relationships between all physical and cultural phenomena in the world. Geographers also look at how the earth, its climate, and its landscapes are changing due to cultural intervention. Additionally, he created one of the first maps of the world based on the available knowledge of the time.

Around the same time, many ancient cultures in China, southern Asia, Polynesia, and the Arabian Peninsula also developed maps and navigation systems used in geography and cartography.

Geography Chapter One - ProProfs Quiz

The discipline of geography can be broken down into two main areas of focus: These two main areas are similar in that they both use a spatial perspective, and they both include the study of place and the comparison of one place with another. Physical geography focuses on geography as a form of earth science.

It tends to emphasize the main physical parts of the earth—the lithosphere surface layerthe atmosphere airthe hydrosphere waterand the biosphere living organisms —and the relationships between these parts.

The major forms of study within physical geography include the following: Others are environmental geographers, part of an emerging field that studies the spatial aspects and cultural perceptions of the natural environment. Environmental geography requires an understanding of both physical and human geography, as well as an understanding of how humans conceptualize their environment and the physical landscape.

Physical landscape is the term used to describe the natural terrain at any one place on the planet. Many US state and national parks attempt to preserve unique physical landscapes for the public to enjoy, such as Yellowstone, Yosemite, and the Grand Canyon.

Human geographers examine the spatial distribution of human populations, religions, languages, ethnicities, political systems, economics, urban dynamics, and other components of human activity. They study patterns of interaction between human cultures and various environments and focus on the causes and consequences of human settlement and distribution over the landscape.

While the economic and cultural aspects of humanity are primary focuses of human geography, these aspects cannot be understood without describing the landscape on which economic and cultural activities take place. For example, the urban cultural landscape of a city may include buildings, streets, signs, parking lots, or vehicles, while the rural cultural landscape may include fields, orchards, fences, barns, or farmsteads.

Cultural forces unique to a given place—such as religion, language, ethnicity, customs, or heritage—influence the cultural landscape of that place at a given time.

The colors, sizes, and shapes of the cultural landscape usually symbolize some level of significance regarding societal norms. Spatial dynamics assist in identifying and evaluating cultural differences between places.

Summary of the Chapter

Traditionally, the field of cartographyor map making, has been a vital discipline for geographers. While cartography continues to be an extremely important part of geography, geographers also look at spatial space and temporal time relationships between many types of data, including physical landscape types, economies, and human activity.

Geography also examines the relationships between and the processes of humans and their physical and cultural environments. Because maps are powerful graphic tools that allow us to illustrate relationships and processes at work in the world, cartography and geographic information systems have become important in modern sciences.

Geospatial techniques are tools used by geographers to illustrate, manage, and manipulate spatial data. Cartography is the art and science of making maps, which illustrate data in a spatial form and are invaluable in understanding what is going on at a given place at a given time. Making maps and verifying a location have become more exact with the development of the global positioning system GPS.

A GPS unit can receive signals from orbiting satellites and calculate an exact location in latitude and longitude, which is helpful for determining where one is located on the earth or for verifying a point on a map.

GPS units are standard equipment for many transportation systems and have found their way into products such as cell phones, handheld computers, fish finders, and other mobile equipment.

GPS technology is widely implemented in the transport of people, goods, and services around the world. Remotely sensed images allow geographers to identify, understand, or explain a particular landscape or determine the land use of a place.

These images can serve as important components in the cartographic map-making process. Google Earth is an excellent example of a computer tool that illustrates remotely sensed images of locations on the earth.

Geographic information science GISoften referred to as geographic information systems, uses a computer program to assimilate and manage many layers of map data, which then provide specific information about a given place.

GIS data are usually in digital form and arranged in layers. The GIS computer program can sort or analyze layers of data to illustrate a specific feature or activity.

GIS programs are used in a wide range of applications, from determining the habitat range of a particular species of bird to mapping the hometowns of university students.1 Physical Geography GEOGRAPHY DAVID R. SALLEE Chapter 10 Global Climate Systems Global Climate Systems zEarth’s Climate System and Its Classification zTropical Climates (A) zDry Arid and Semiarid Climates (B) zMesothermal Climates (C) zMicrothermal Climates (D) zPolar Climates (E) zGlobal Climate Change Climate zClimate is weather over time zClimatology is the study of climate.

4 CHAPTER 1 † PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY: EARTH ENVIRONMENTS AND SYSTEMS environmental diversity that exists on our planet. Developing this understanding is the goal of a course in physical geography. The Study of Geography. May 18,  · Standard 10 Geography Chapter 1 Physical Divisions of India | Part 7 Physical Divisions of India-1 Buy full course DVD/PenDrive/Online Access: https://learn.

Exam 3 Physical Geography Chapter 10 study guide by christinarose_miller includes 29 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.

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FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (2nd Edition) CHAPTER Introduction to the Lithosphere (a). The Rock Cycle. Study McKnight's Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation (11th Edition) discussion and chapter questions and find McKnight's Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation (11th Edition) study guide questions and answers.

Physical Geography - James F. Petersen, Dorothy Sack, Robert E. Gabler - Google Books