Please purchase the course before starting the lesson. The terms liability and responsibility have distinct meanings legal English. To be liable for something means to be legally responsible for something, as in he lost his case and was found liable for damages.
Definition[ edit ] EPR uses financial incentives to encourage manufacturers to design environmentally friendly products by holding producers responsible for the costs of managing their products at end of life. This policy approach, which differs from product stewardshipwhich shares responsibility across the chain of custody of a product,  attempts to relieve local governments of the costs of managing certain priority products by requiring manufacturers internalize the cost of recycling within the product price.
EPR is based upon the principle that because producers usually brand owners have the greatest control over product design and marketing and these same companies have the greatest ability and responsibility to reduce toxicity and waste.
The producer may also choose to delegate this responsibility to a third party, a so-called producer responsibility organization PROwhich is paid by the producer for used-product management. Packaging Recovery Organisation Europefounded inis the umbrella organization for European packaging and packaging waste recovery and recycling schemes.
Product stewardship organizations like PRO EUROPE are intended to relieve industrial Responsibility and liability and commercial enterprises of their individual obligation to take back used products through the operation of an organization which fulfills these obligations on a nationwide basis on behalf of their member companies.
The aim is to ensure the recovery and recycling of packaging waste in the most economically efficient and ecologically sound manner.
The Green Dot has evolved into a proven concept in many countries as implementation of Producer Responsibility. In twenty-five nations companies are now using the Green Dot as the financing symbol for the organization of recovery, sorting and recycling of sales packaging.
Take-back[ edit ] In response to all of the growing problem of excessive waste, several countries adopted waste management policies in which manufacturers are responsible for taking back their products from end users at the end of the products' useful life, or partially financing a collection and recycling infrastructure.
These policies were adopted due to the lack of collection infrastructure for certain products that contain hazardous materials, or due to the high costs to local governments of providing such collection services. The primary goals of these take-back laws therefore are to partner with the private sector to ensure that all wastes are managed in a way that protects public health and the environment.
The purpose of this directive is to prevent the production of waste electronics and also to encourage reuse and recycling of such waste. The directive requires the Member States to encourage design and production methods that take into account the future dismantling and recovery of their products.
In the United States, most of these policies have been implemented at the state level, due to the political impasse at the federal level.
Plastic bags[ edit ] Recycling, banning, and taxation fails to adequately reduce the pollution caused by plastic bags. An alternative to these policies would be to increase extended producer responsibility. What has been recommended is a comprehensive program which combines taxation, producer responsibility, and recycling to combat pollution.
Inaccording to the Environmental Protection Agency, people threw away 2. Lead is found in the screens of phones, TVs and computer monitors and can damage kidneys, nerves, blood, bones, reproductive organs, and muscles.
Mercury is found in the bulbs in flat screen TVs, laptop screens, and fluorescent bulbs, and can cause damage to the kidneys and the nervous system. Brominated flame-retardants found in cables and plastic cases can cause cancer, disruption of liver function, and nerve damage.
Cadmium is found in rechargeable batteries and can cause kidney damage and cancer.However, liability is defined as a person taking responsibility by definition of law or finance but does not require the individual to have autonomous control.
Here is a common story that will make the difference between responsibility and liability very clear. To access this course, you must first log in or register.. Quizzes Status. 1.
Office Hours. Our office is located at Cypress St, Suite , Abilene, TX inside the Wagstaff Building. The BCSA office hours are from am – pm from Monday through Friday. A liability is a legal obligation, as in he denied any liability for the damage.
A company’s liabilities are its debts, as in the business has liabilities of €2 million. Responsibility refers to the care and consideration a person has for the outcome of their actions.
Joint liability. If parties have joint liability, then they are each liable up to the full amount of the relevant obligation. So if a married couple takes a loan from a bank, the loan agreement will normally provide that they are to be "jointly liable" for the full amount.
If one party dies, disappears or is declared bankrupt, the other remains fully liable. 1.
What is the individual shared responsibility provision? Under the Affordable Care Act, the federal government, state governments, insurers, employers and individuals are given shared responsibility to reform and improve the availability, quality and affordability of health insurance coverage in.