The influence of french in algerian

It is a vast country—the largest in Africa and the 10th largest in the world—that may be divided into two distinct geographic regions. The northernmost, generally known as the Tell, is subject to the moderating influences of the Mediterranean and consists largely of the Atlas Mountainswhich separate the coastal plains from the second region in the south.

The influence of french in algerian

Share via Email A man sits overlooking Algiers from the old city. The events have also reminded us how much of Africa is still French-speaking and how deep French influence still runs in those territories.

More than this, the conflicts have reminded everybody else that the French still regard this part of their world as their backyard The long French involvement in African affairs, from Rwanda to north Africa, has also been marked by bloody massacres and torture. This is especially true of Algeria, the largest country in Africa, first conquered by the French nearly years ago.

Algeria gained its independence inafter a hard-fought war against France, notable for the use of terrorist tactics and torture on both sides. Poverty and terrorism are still ever-present in Algerian life. At the same time, as the focus of the Arab Spring shifts to north Africait is also shifting nearer to France, which has the largest Muslim population in Europe.

Indeed, this is not the first time that events in north Africa have threatened to spill over into France. In the 90s, when The influence of french in algerian became a slaughterhouse and tens of thousands were killed in the dirty war between the government and Islamist insurgents, Paris was the chief target of Algerian extremists.

His death was followed by a swift succession of bombings on civilian targets in Paris that left eight dead and more than wounded. More recently, France was convulsed by a series of murders over nine days last March including three French soldiers of north African descent killed in two separate shootings, and a rabbi, his two young sons and a third child in an attack on a Jewish school in Toulouse.

The rage only intensified when it became known that the killer was Mohamed Merah, a young French citizen of Algerian origin. Before Merah was shot dead in an armed police siege of the block of flats where he lived, he declared that he wanted to "bring France to its knees".

Many ordinary Algerians wanted to pass the affair off as an internal French matter and did not want to be contaminated by association.

But none of this stopped Merah becoming a hero, praised as "lion", in the radical mosques of Algiers. I first saw for myself the rawness of these emotions when I went to study in France in I ended up living on the outskirts of Lyon, which is where the first so-called urban riots kicked off — the precursors of the riots of the s.

The influence of french in algerian

Throughout that summer — the "hot summer" — cars were regularly set alight by immigrant youths who called this kind of entertainment "rodeos" and who declared war on the police. At the time, I knew little about French colonial history and assumed that these were race riots not much different to those we had known in the UK in But I was aware that most of the kids who were fighting the police were of Algerian origin and that this must have some kind of significance.

Thirty years on, the unresolved business between France and Algeria has grown ever more complex. The overall aim of the centre is to function as a thinktank, bringing together not just academics but all those who have a stake in understanding the complexities of Franco-Algerian history; this necessarily involves journalists, lawyers and government as well as historians.

At the same time, I am writing a book called The French Intifada, which is a parallel attempt to make sense of French colonial history in north Africa. This book is a tour around some of the most important and dangerous frontlines of what many historians now call the fourth world war.

This war is not a conflict between Islam and the west or the rich north and the globalised south, but a conflict between two very different experiences of the world — the colonisers and the colonised. The French invaded Algeria in This was the first colonisation of an Arab country since the days of the Crusades and it came as a great shock to the Arab nation.

This first battle for Algiers was a staged affair. Pleasure ships sailed from Marseille to watch the bombardment and the beach landings.

The Arab corpses that lay strewn in the streets and along the coastline were no more than incidental colour to the Parisian spectator watching the slaughter through opera glasses from the deck of his cruise ship. The trauma deepened as, within a few short decades, Algeria was not given the status of a colony but annexed into France.


This meant that the country had no claim to any independent identity whatsoever, but was as subservient to Parisian government as Burgundy or Alsace-Lorraine. This had a deeply damaging effect on the Algerian psyche.

The settlers who came to work in Algeria from the European mainland were known as pieds-noirs — black feet — because, unlike the Muslim population, they wore shoes. The pieds noirs cultivated a different identity from that of mainland Frenchmen.

Meanwhile, Muslim villages were destroyed and whole populations forced to move to accommodate European farms and industry. As the pieds-noirs grew in number and status, the native Algerians, who had no nationality under French law, did not officially exist.

The dead Arab lies literally outside history. And like most readers who approach Algeria through the prism of Camus, I was puzzled by this place, which, as he described it, was so French that it might have been in France but was also so foreign and out of reach.

Part of this difficulty arises from the fact that the Algeria Camus describes is only partly a Muslim country. Instead, Camus sees Algeria as an idealised pan-Mediterranean civilisation.

In his autobiographical writings on Algiers and on the Roman ruins at Tipasa, he describes a pagan place where classical values were still alive and visible in the harsh but beautiful, sun-drenched landscape.

In his Algeria, God does not exist and life is an endless series of moral choices that must be decided by individuals on their own, with no metaphysical comfort or advice, and with little or no possibility of knowing they ever made the absolutely correct choice. It was less effective, however, in the postwar period, as Algerian nationalism began to assert itself against France, modelling itself on the values of the French Resistance.

Camus was sympathetic to the cause of Muslim rights.French settling of Algeria. French rule of Algeria was established during the years of , in which a groundwork was created in how the nation would be controlled. In general, the area was tension-filled, with frequent clashes between the French and the Algerian people.

Although the influence of the French language and culture in Algeria remained strong, since independence the country consistently has sought to regain its Arab and Islamic heritage.

At the same time, the development of oil and natural gas and other mineral deposits in the Algerian interior brought new wealth to the country and prompted a modest. Algiers: a city where France is the promised land – and still the enemy Andrew Hussey believes the only way to makes sense of the problems Algeria faces today is to look back into its colonial.

Macron, 40, is the first French president born after the war and has shown a rare willingness to wade into the memory of Algeria, arguably the most sensitive chapter in the French experience of. A Synopsis of Algeria's History The French Period () Algeria became a colony of France shortly after French military forces invaded the country in and, for most of the succeeding years, it was a fully-fledged department of the French Republic.

The influence of french in algerian

French soldiers usurped land from Algerian farmers and was mostly given to European colonists for free. However, this was the beginning of a transformation in a society that, like the Ottoman Empire, was late to develop science, technology, education and military technology.

Algeria | Facts, History, & Geography |