Tuesday, July 13, Monarchist Profile: Although he has to a large extent fallen out of favor today, mostly because of his staunch defense of absolute monarchy, he is still known for that which he was best known in his own time; as one of the greatest Christian orators of his era. He was born in Dijon on September 27, to a family of lawyers and judges. Given a proper Jesuit education he soon became fluent in Latin and Greek and developed a great love for Homer and Virgil as well as becoming a noted Biblical scholar.
He is now chiefly remembered for his literary works, including funeral panegyrics for great personages. Early life and priesthood. Bossuet was born of a family of magistrates. He spent his first 15 years in Dijon and was educated at the Jesuit college there.
Intended early for an ecclesiastical career, he was tonsured at the age of In he was ordained priest and received his doctorate of divinity.
Though Bossuet belonged to the Metz clergy untilhe divided his time between Metz and Paris from toand after he left Paris hardly at all. When in Metz, he zealously performed his duties as canon.
His main concerns, however, were preaching and controversy with the Protestants, and it was at Metz that he began to master these skills. Lenten sermons and funeral orations. The Lenten sermons, abundant with biblical citations and paraphrases, epitomize Baroque eloquence; yet, while they exhibit the majesty and the pathos of the Baroque ideal, the exaggeration and mannerism are conspicuously absent.
He was summoned in to deliver the funeral orations that were customary after the death of an important national figure. Masterpieces of French classical prose, these orations display dignity, balance, and slow thematic development; they contain emotionally charged passages but are organized according to logical argumentation.
From the life of the departed subject, Bossuet selected qualities and episodes from which he could draw a moral. He convinced his listeners by the passion of his religious feelings, which he expressed in clear, simple rhetoric.
Bossuet tried to steer a middle course in the quarrel caused by the movement, devoting himself to his controversy with the Protestants. He preached only occasionally thereafter. In the Politique he developed the doctrine of divine rightthe theory that any government legally formed expresses the will of God, that its authority is sacred, and that any rebellion against it is criminal.
In Bossuet became bishop of Meauxa post he held until his death. Though he kept in close touch with the dauphin and the king, he was not primarily a court prelate; he was, rather, a devoted bishop, living mostly among his diocesans, preaching, busying himself with charitable organizations, and directing his clergy.
His excursions outside the diocese were in relation to the theological controversies of his time: GallicanismProtestantism, and Quietism. In the Gallican controversy, Louis XIV maintained that the French monarch could limit papal authority in collecting the revenues of vacant sees and in certain other matters, while the Ultramontanists held that the pope was supreme.
An extraordinary general assembly of the French clergy was held to consider this question in — Concurrently he was engaged in the controversy with the Protestants. Although Bossuet had displayed moderation in the Gallican quarrel and in the controversy with the Protestants, he showed himself less tolerant in other cases, condemning the theatre as immoral, for example.
Bossuet was by nature very intellectual and had been nourished on theologyand thus he was unable to understand a form of mysticism that consisted of passive devotional contemplation and total abandonment to the divine presence of God.
The only point of agreement is the excellence of his style and eloquence. From a political point of view, he was praised by nationalists and monarchists, but spurned by the liberal tradition. His emphasis on immutability of doctrine and the perfection of the church made him seem old-fashioned in the atmosphere of Catholicism after the second Vatican Council —Unit 6, Lesson 1 Absolutism and France Keywords absolutism divine right Edict of Nantes Political Testament called absolutism, which was soon the most prevalent form of government in Europe.
believed they ruled by divine right, an idea set forth by Bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (–).
Historiography: Historiography, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particular details from the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical.
Jacques-Bénigne Lignel Bossuet (French: ; 27 September – 12 April ) was a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been considered by many to be one of the most brilliant orators of all time and a masterly French stylist.. Court preacher to Louis XIV of France, Bossuet was a strong advocate of political absolutism Church: Roman Catholic Church.
Absolutism: Jacques-Benigne Bossuet. April 12, agulyas. Absolutism was a political theory that claimed the monarch had absolute control of his or her realm. It arose in opposition to emerging enlightenment ideals of shared sovereignty between monarchs and nobles or the more extreme idea of power residing in the subjects of a kingdom.
Jul 13, · Monarchist Profile: Bishop Jacques Bossuet One of the most known religious defenders of monarchy, certainly in the Catholic Church, was the French bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet. Although he has to a large extent fallen out of favor today, mostly because of his staunch defense of absolute monarchy, he is still known for that Author: The Mad Monarchist.
He dissolved Parliament because he did not want to consult with them when he increased taxes.
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|Bossuet, Hobbes, and Locke||With the extraordinary growth of the academic discipline of history in the 19th century, the history of the Middle Ages was absorbed into academic curricula of history in Europe and the United States and established in university survey courses and research seminars.|
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-stormed the English Parliament (to arrest its radical leaders) and the English Civil War ensued. Supporters of the king (Cavaliers) .